Java is among the oldest programming languages. In May 2020, it celebrated its silver anniversary. Despite its age of almost two and a half decades, the language is commonly utilized for Android app development. Though its competitor Kotlin is gaining pace, Java’s popularity throughout the years remains unparalleled.
According to several experts, Java is the most powerful and effective programming language. But, like any coin, Java has two sides. It has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. In this post, we will go through the benefits and drawbacks of Java so that you have a better idea of where this language excels and where it falls short. So if you want to hire dedicated java developer, you will need the information from this article, at least for an interview.
Benefits of Java
Java is a multi-platform, object-oriented programming language that may be used to create programs and applications. Java has a slew of benefits that encourage you to continue with it.
Let us now look at the benefits of adopting the Java programming language.
In comparison to other programming languages, Java is simple to learn and comprehend. The Java language’s grammar is based on C++, and it employs automated garbage collection, which eliminates the need to remove unreferenced objects from memory. Because characteristics such as explicit pointers, operator overloading, and others have been eliminated, the Java programming language may be understood and written rapidly. However, because of its simplicity, Java is used and taught in many schools and institutions throughout the world.
Language for Object-Oriented Programming
Java is an object-oriented programming language that allows us to increase the flexibility and reusability of our work. We may simply reuse the object in different applications by using the OOPs idea.
It also contributes to increased security by combining data and functions into a single unit that cannot be accessed by the outside world. It also helps to divide larger modules into smaller ones so that they are easier to grasp.
Java code may execute on any system and does not need any additional software to be installed. However, the JVM must be present on the computer.
Java has a powerful memory architecture, making it the most resilient programming language. Exceptions may also be handled inside the java application using java code. Type checking may be used to make java code more robust. Java does not offer explicit pointers to prevent the programmer from directly accessing memory from the java code. Java is widely employed in large corporations and organizations due to its unique storage mechanism.
Java is Inexpensive and Simple to Maintain
Java applications are inexpensive to design and maintain since they rely on a certain hardware infrastructure to function. We can simply perform them on any system, lowering the additional expense of maintenance.
Drawbacks of Java
Another part discusses the disadvantages of Java. As previously said, Java has both benefits and downsides; thus, we will explore the problems or limits of Java below. Knowing and understanding Java’s disadvantages is just as important as knowing and understanding its benefits.
When comparing Java’s performance to that of C, C++, and other programming languages, Java’s speed is much slower. This is due to the fact that it must be understood throughout its execution. On the other hand, the C++ programming language may be built from binary on any operating system, resulting in speedier performance. As a result, Java suffers from a performance disadvantage when compared to other languages.
Memory is handled in Java via garbage collection. When the garbage collector runs or executes, it has an impact on the application program’s performance. All other threads should come to a halt to enable the trash collector thread to function.
There is No Backup Facility
Because Java’s primary emphasis is constantly on storage, it is unsuitable for data backup. This is one of the major downsides of Java, which causes it to lose user interest and rating. As a result, if you need data backup as well as a large storage capacity, consider alternative programming languages such as C and C++. Because C or C++ are the finest programming languages after Java.
So this concludes our review of the benefits and drawbacks of Java. There are more benefits to Java than disadvantages.
Despite its shortcomings, Java is one of the most popular programming languages in the software industry owing to its platform independence, security, and maintainability.